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Critical Analysis of the Detente Period in the Cold War

Received: 14 November 2022    Accepted: 29 November 2022    Published: 31 May 2023
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Abstract

The 1970s détente was a significant era in world history after the cold war since it marked the beginning of the fall of the Soviet bloc and the end of the rise of Soviet communism. Detente is a French term that means "relaxation of tension”. The actions of the Soviet Union during the era of détente were not part of any coherent policy but rather represented an expansion of the conservative ideological system instituted by Leonid Brezhnev. However, the Soviet Union was unable to fully benefit from détente. The overextension of the Soviet Union in the Third World and the increasing dependency on global trends laid the groundwork for the eventual collapse of the Soviet Union a decade later. This is termed the disintegration of the USSR in 1991. This paper aims to discuss the reasons for adopting the detente period which was the failure of the USA in the Vietnam war, the Cuban missile crisis and many more and the forms of cooperation between the two super blocs which are SALT I and SALT II treaties which talks about the nuclear arms control between the two superpowers. This paper also highlights the Helsinki Final Act and the ten principles adopted in the act.

DOI 10.11648/j.ipa.20230701.12
Published in International and Public Affairs (Volume 7, Issue 1, June 2023)
Page(s) 9-13
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Communism, Disintegration, Cold War, Detente, Super Blocs, Helsinki Final Act

References
[1] Detente || The Cold War. (2021, July 10). Political Science. Retrieved September 27, 2022, from https://www.politicalscienceview.com/detente/
[2] Poonkham, J. (2016, March 1). Détente Studies in Cold War International History: Questions (Un) Marked? Inquiries Journal. Retrieved September 27, 2022, from http://www.inquiriesjournal.com/articles/1439/detente-studies-in-the-cold-war-international-history-questions-unmarked
[3] The Ups and Downs of Détente During the Cold War. (2022, May 16). ThoughtCo. Retrieved September 27, 2022, from https://www.thoughtco.com/detente-cold-war-4151136
[4] Detente: Meaning, Factors, Progress and New Detente. (2015, April 7). Your Article Library. Retrieved September 27, 2022, from https://www.yourarticlelibrary.com/international-politics/detente-meaning-factors-progress-and-new-detente/48506
[5] Détente. (2020, October 3). The Cold War. Retrieved September 27, 2022, from https://alphahistory.com/coldwar/detente/
[6] Milestones: 1969â1976 - Office of the Historian. (n.d.). Retrieved September 27, 2022, from https://history.state.gov/milestones/1969-1976/salt
[7] Détente | A Visual Guide to the Cold War. (n.d.). Retrieved September 27, 2022, from https://coldwar.unc.edu/theme/detente/
[8] Study.com | Take Online Courses. Earn College Credit. Research Schools, Degrees & Careers. (n.d.). Retrieved September 27, 2022, from https://study.com/learn/lesson/detente-cold-war-policy-purpose.html
[9] Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty I (1972) | Nuclear Arms Control Treaties. (n.d.). Retrieved September 27, 2022, from https://www.atomicarchive.com/resources/treaties/salt-I.html
[10] White, Brian. “The Concept of Detente - JSTOR.” JSTOR, Cambridge University Press, July 1981, https://www.jstor.org/stable/20096917.
[11] Chourchoulis, Dionysios. Understanding the Long Détente and Its Crisis in Cold... - Sage Journals. Journal of Contemporary History, 25 May 2022, https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0022009420921293?icid=int.sj-abstract.similar-articles.2.
[12] Poonkham, Jittipat. “Détente Studies in Cold War International History: Questions (Un)Marked?” Inquiries Journal, Interstate - Journal of International Affairs, 1 Mar. 2016, http://www.inquiriesjournal.com/articles/1439/detente-studies-in-the-cold-war-international-history-questions-unmarked.
[13] Tronnier, Nemo. “The Emergence of Detente in the Cold War.” GRIN, 6 May 2010, https://www.grin.com/document/150609.
[14] “Détente.” A Visual Guide to the Cold War, https://coldwar.unc.edu/theme/detente/.
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    Nikita Bansal. (2023). Critical Analysis of the Detente Period in the Cold War. International and Public Affairs, 7(1), 9-13. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ipa.20230701.12

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    Nikita Bansal. Critical Analysis of the Detente Period in the Cold War. Int. Public Aff. 2023, 7(1), 9-13. doi: 10.11648/j.ipa.20230701.12

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    AMA Style

    Nikita Bansal. Critical Analysis of the Detente Period in the Cold War. Int Public Aff. 2023;7(1):9-13. doi: 10.11648/j.ipa.20230701.12

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  • @article{10.11648/j.ipa.20230701.12,
      author = {Nikita Bansal},
      title = {Critical Analysis of the Detente Period in the Cold War},
      journal = {International and Public Affairs},
      volume = {7},
      number = {1},
      pages = {9-13},
      doi = {10.11648/j.ipa.20230701.12},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ipa.20230701.12},
      eprint = {https://article.sciencepublishinggroup.com/pdf/10.11648.j.ipa.20230701.12},
      abstract = {The 1970s détente was a significant era in world history after the cold war since it marked the beginning of the fall of the Soviet bloc and the end of the rise of Soviet communism. Detente is a French term that means "relaxation of tension”. The actions of the Soviet Union during the era of détente were not part of any coherent policy but rather represented an expansion of the conservative ideological system instituted by Leonid Brezhnev. However, the Soviet Union was unable to fully benefit from détente. The overextension of the Soviet Union in the Third World and the increasing dependency on global trends laid the groundwork for the eventual collapse of the Soviet Union a decade later. This is termed the disintegration of the USSR in 1991. This paper aims to discuss the reasons for adopting the detente period which was the failure of the USA in the Vietnam war, the Cuban missile crisis and many more and the forms of cooperation between the two super blocs which are SALT I and SALT II treaties which talks about the nuclear arms control between the two superpowers. This paper also highlights the Helsinki Final Act and the ten principles adopted in the act.},
     year = {2023}
    }
    

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    AB  - The 1970s détente was a significant era in world history after the cold war since it marked the beginning of the fall of the Soviet bloc and the end of the rise of Soviet communism. Detente is a French term that means "relaxation of tension”. The actions of the Soviet Union during the era of détente were not part of any coherent policy but rather represented an expansion of the conservative ideological system instituted by Leonid Brezhnev. However, the Soviet Union was unable to fully benefit from détente. The overextension of the Soviet Union in the Third World and the increasing dependency on global trends laid the groundwork for the eventual collapse of the Soviet Union a decade later. This is termed the disintegration of the USSR in 1991. This paper aims to discuss the reasons for adopting the detente period which was the failure of the USA in the Vietnam war, the Cuban missile crisis and many more and the forms of cooperation between the two super blocs which are SALT I and SALT II treaties which talks about the nuclear arms control between the two superpowers. This paper also highlights the Helsinki Final Act and the ten principles adopted in the act.
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Author Information
  • Kirit P. Mehta School of Law, NMIMS, Mumbai, India

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