Volume 4, Issue 2, December 2020, Page: 20-27
In Search for Strength: A Regime (in) Security Facing Mass Protests in Ethiopia, 2015 to 2018
Bekalu Wachiso Gichamo, Department of Civics and Ethical Studies, Wolkite University, Wolkite City, Ethiopia
Received: Jan. 21, 2020;       Accepted: Mar. 6, 2020;       Published: Aug. 25, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.ipa.20200402.11      View  145      Downloads  24
Drawing from extensive, comparative empirical data and relevant literature, this paper attempts to answer the question as to how and to what extent does pursuit of regime security explain the recent popular protests in Ethiopia. The insecurity of the regime is manifested in a state weakness, where the regime tries to gain strength but meets resistance from society; the resistance makes the regime adapt more coercive strategies for consolidation of state power which generates further resistance. This paper argues that human insecurity in Ethiopia has been mainly the result of the authoritarian nature of the state and the ruling party’s unprecedented pursuit of regime security. The author found out that the regime’s resilience seemed rooted in the strategies it has utilized in order to stay in power – namely, the quite disproportional deployment of coercive force to quash popular demand for reform; manipulations of the democratization process, and co-opting democratic institutions of the state. For the author, to address the root causes of human security problematic is essential for ensuring citizens’ prosperity and security thereby building a secure Ethiopian state.
Regime Security, Ethiopia, State Weakness, Human Insecurity, Mass Protests
To cite this article
Bekalu Wachiso Gichamo, In Search for Strength: A Regime (in) Security Facing Mass Protests in Ethiopia, 2015 to 2018, International and Public Affairs. Vol. 4, No. 2, 2020, pp. 20-27. doi: 10.11648/j.ipa.20200402.11
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